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Many people believe that bodybuilding and powerlifting are two names of the same discipline. Despite the similarities, these are fundamentally different sports.
The essence of powerlifting
The name “powerlifting” comes from two English words meaning “power” and “lift”. This is how you can briefly describe the essence of this sports discipline – to lift a shell (barbell, weight, dumbbell, disk) of the greatest possible mass. Another name for powerlifting is powerlifting.
At competitions, the athlete’s physical performance is evaluated using three basic exercises:
- bench press;
- squat with a barbell on the shoulders;
The final result is the maximum weight lifted by the athlete in each exercise.
The essence of bodybuilding
Literally, “bodybuilding” is translated as “building a body.” The goal of a bodybuilder is to create a beautiful and high-quality body with a large percentage of muscle mass.
To do this, athletes practice basic and isolated exercises. However, in bodybuilding competitions, participants are not required to lift the barbell. Athletes go on stage, and the jury evaluates their appearance – the sophistication of all muscles, the correct proportions and body shape.
In addition to training, bodybuilders pay great attention to their diet, including a large amount of protein and carbohydrates in their diet. Before the competition, carbohydrate intake is reduced so that the body burns almost the entire subcutaneous fat, using it as an energy source.
Bodybuilding and Powerlifting: Differences and Similarities
Disciplines are fundamentally different in nature, but both bodybuilders and powerlifters practice the same exercises. The main difference is in the goals pursued by athletes.
- Bodybuilding is done in order to form a beautiful proportional body. The development of physical strength is a secondary goal.
- In powerlifting, the opposite is true: athletes train to take as much weight as possible. Volumetric hypertrophied muscles are a consequence of this.
Other differences between disciplines:
- Technique for doing exercises. Bodybuilders do more approaches and repetitions, practice supersets, multi-repetitive mode for “muscle pumping”, methods of peak contraction, “burning”, prolonged stress and others. Powerlifters do fewer sets and reps.
- The mass of the shell. Bodybuilders are not as important in lifting weight as working out the body, so they use lighter shells. Powerlifters try to take maximum weight.
- Rest time between sets. Bodybuilders rest for 1-3 minutes. Powerlifters can recover up to 10 minutes. Long rest helps to take more weight in the next approach.
Despite the different goals of these disciplines, muscle hypertrophy is impossible without the development of physical strength (the ability to lift a heavier projectile), and vice versa. Many well-known bodybuilders started with powerlifting or were doing both at the same time.
Similarities between bodybuilding and powerlifting:
- the same exercises;
- the use of equipment – holding belts for the waist, bandages, special overalls and other devices;
- the same contraindications: the presence of hernias, diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, increased intracranial pressure, and others.
Bodybuilding and powerlifting are closely overlapping and in many ways similar. Differences in weight, number of sets and rest time arise due to the different goals of the athletes.